Butterflyfish are a large family of saltwater fish made up of over 100 distinct species. They resemble angelfish in appearance and have compressed, disk shaped bodies. Although they are among the more demanding and expensive species of saltwater aquarium fish, butterflyfish are a favorite amongst hobbyists due to their dazzling colorations. These vibrant colorations and patterns are an evolutionary defense mechanism designed to confuse predators that prey on shoals of butterflyfish.
Most species of butterfly fishes have very specific dietary and environmental requirements, and should therefore only be kept by experienced aquarists. Butterfly fishes rely heavily on live rock and coral as a food supply and it is important to keep them in aquariums with lots of coral and live rock to graze on. They also prefer aquariums with large swimming spaces and numerous caves and crevices to hide in.
Butterfly fishes are generally peaceful towards other fish and make for excellent community fish. Certain species, however, can be very territorial and aggressive towards members of their own species and should not be housed together. However, there are certain species of butterfly fishes that can be kept in groups provided that they are housed in large aquariums.
Butterflyfish do best when fed on a varied diet of both meaty and vegetarian foods. They can be fed on shrimp, brine shrimp, shellfish and seaweed sheets. It is important to remember that certain species have very specific dietary requirements that should be thoroughly researched prior to purchase. Most species of butterflyfish have very specific dietary and environmental requirements, and should therefore only be kept by experienced aquarists.
Found in the Western Indian Ocean inhabiting shallow rocky reefs and calm bays. Requires a meaty diet of live fortified brine shrimp and various frozen meaty foods such as mysis should be offered several times daily. Approximate Purchase Size: 2 - 2.75"
Longnose Butterflyfish is a peaceful species found in the Indo-Pacific ocean. It's a great choice for a beginner butterflyfish. Requires a well-established system containing ample live rock and plentiful micro invertebrates like copepods or amphipods to maintain a healthy diet. Approximate Purchase Size: Size: 2.25-3"
The Mitratus Butterflyfish are found along reef drop-offs in the West Indian Ocean. Provide ample retreats amongst the live rock. They should be fed small amounts several times per day, and offered a good variety of different meaty foods. Approximate Purchase Size: Size: 2.25-2.75"